(Article of periodic en Anglais - 1988)

Document title

The reform of geography teaching in the Finnish upper secondary school and its reflection in the Matriculation Examinations of 1976-1985

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)



Connections are traced with developments taking place at that time in geography as a scientific discipline and in the teaching of geography in schools on the international level. The reform of school geography teaching is viewed as an educational innovation, the spatial advance of which can be examined in terms of diffusion theory. The teaching reforms described here are seen to have confirmed the status of geography as an independent, compulsory subject in the upper secondary school. At the same time the new optional course in regional geography, with its emphasis on independent work by the pupils, has enlivened upper secondary school teaching and has proved extremely popular among Matriculation Examination candidates


Article of periodic

published at : Fennia / ISSN 0015-0010

Editor : Societas Geographica Fenniae, Helsinki - FINLANDE (1889- 2009)

Millesime : 1988, vol. 166, no2 [pp. 413-570]

Bibliographic references : 10 p.



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