IGB

Connexion

(Article of periodic en Français - 1982)

Document title

Indépendance, dépendance et fragmentation dans le Pacifique Sud

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

CONNELL J. ; MATHIEU N. (Traducteur) ;

Abstract

Since the 1960's most island groups of the South Pacific have achieved Independence and many new nations have been established. Secession movements in many areas have resulted in fragmentation producing the break-up of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands and the disintegration of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. The distinctive characteristics of the Pacific nations: their small size, and limited natural resources, their isolation from each other and from markets and fragmentation within multiple island countries. The extension of outside interests into the Pacific has brought rapid economic changes, the emergence of cash cropping and the decline of subsistence agriculture, increased dependence on imports (especially food) and rapid urbanization, producing growing dependence and inequality and outmigration. This suggests that strategies of development that appear viable elsewhere have little chance of success in the Pacific.

Source

Article of periodic

published at : L'espace géographique Paris

Editor :

Millesime : 1982, vol. 11, no4 [pp. 252-258]

Bibliographic references : 19 réf.

Language

Français

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