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(Article of periodic en Anglais - 1980)

Document title

Electron microprobe correlation of tephra layers from Eastern Mediterranean abyssal sediments and the island of Santorini

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

FEDERMAN A. N. ; CAREY S. N. ;

Abstract

Five widespread tephra layers are found in late Quaternary sediments (0130,000yr B.P.) of the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. These layers have been correlated among abyssal cores and to their respective terrestrial sources by electron-probe microanalysis of glass and pumice shards. Major element variations are sufficient to discriminate unambiguously between the five major layers. Oxygen isotope stratigraphy in one of the cores studied was used to data four of the five layers. Two of the widespread layers are derived from explosive eruptions of the Santorini volcanic complex: the Minoan Ash (3370yr B.P.) and the Acrotiri Ignimbrite (18,000yr B.P.). An additional layer, found in one core only, is most likely correlated to the Middle Pumice Series of Santorini (approximately 100,000yr B.P.). Two layers are correlated to deposits on the islands of Yali and Kos and date to 31,000 and 120,000yr B.P., respectively. One layer originated from the Neapolitan area of Italy 38,000yr B. P.

Source

Article of periodic

published at : Quaternary research New York

Editor :

Millesime : 1980, vol. 13, no2 [pp. 160-171]

Bibliographic references : 25 réf.

Language

Anglais

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