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(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2009)

Document title

Flow energy and channel adjustments in rills developed in loamy sand and sandy loam soils

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

STEFANOVIC J.R. (1) ; BRYAN R.B. (2) ;
(1) Dep. of geography, Trent Univ., Peterborough, CANADA
(2) Fac. of Forestry, Univ., Toronto, CANADA

Abstract

This paper presents laboratory experiments with coarse textured soils under simulated rainfall which show how channel adjustment processes contribute to the evolution of quasi-stability. Newly incised rills were stabilized for detailed study of links between rill configuration and flow energy. On a loamy sand, adjustment towards equilibrium occured due to channel widening and meandering, whereas on a sandy loam, mobile knickpoints and chutes, pulsations in flow width and flow depth and changes in stream power and sediment discharge occurred as the channel adjusted towards equilibrium. The tendency of rill systems towards quasi-stability is shown by changes in stream power values which show short-lived minima. The study confirmed that energy dissipation increased with flow aspect ratio. In stabilized rills, flow acceleration reduced energy dissipation on the loamy sand but not on the sandy loam. On both soils flow deceleration tended to increase energy dissipation. Understanding how rill systems evolve towards stability is essential in order to predict how interruptions between storms may affect long-term rill dynamics

Source

Article of periodic

published at : Earth surface processes and landforms / ISSN 0197-9337 / CODEN ESPLDB

Editor : Wiley, Chichester - ROYAUME-UNI (1981)

Millesime : 2009, vol. 34, no1 [pp. 133-144]

Bibliographic references : 1 p.

Collation : 10 fig., 1 tabl.

Language

Anglais

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 17355

Digital Object Identifier

Go to electronic document thanks to its DOI : doi:10.1002/esp.1707

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2009
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