(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2008)

Document title

Geomorphology of Pohorje mountains

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)



The Pohorje mountain range, young mountains with prevailing metamorphic rocks and dacite, continues to uplift above the igneous laccolith in the area of the rapid rising asthenosphere in the transition to the Pannonian basin also due to changes in temperature and, resultantly, of the density of uplifting dacite- and other intrusions which have not metamorphosed the surrounding sediments. On the Pohorje by the river Drava (hereinafter the Drava Pohorje), the drainage network does not match the orography, because, between the Vuzenica-Radlje basin and Fala, the Drava epigenetically deepened its gorge into the marginal range of Kobansko. Modest plateaus on the ridge of the Pohorje originate from the time when the base level maintained a cover of the so-called Eibiswald strata between the Karavanke and the Kobansko in the upper Miocene. The originally larger ridge plateau in the centre of the Pohorje was lowered by erosion and periglacial processes ; it has been preserved as an inclined plateau on the Eastern Pohorje. Explained through the recent tectonic shifting, established by means of GPS in the years 1996-2002 at the peak Velika Kopa, is the southeastwards curving of the five valleys above the Legen terrace where, supposedly, original headwaters of the Spodnja Mislinja came from. Due to its geological, geomorphological and hydrological peculiarities the Legen Quaternary terrace deserves that it should be declaired the "geopark", the first one in Slovenia. Even more explicit and extensive is the westwards curving of the valleys on the northern slope of the Pohorje, and their northeastward orientation in the Ribnica-Lovrenc-Selnica valley system. In the east section of the Lovrenc valley system above Fala the brook Rečnikov potok has not adjusted its course to the recent tectonic subsiding, so that its valleys run obliquely to the slope inclination. The up to 700 metres deep Mislinja rift lowered the central ridge of the Pohorje to 1299 metres. Blowing intensely across it, the northeastern Pleistocene cold winds made possible the origination of two smaller glaciers in the upper drainage basin of the Radoljna. The gently sloping Pohorje landforms are not the result of the old age but of the disintegration of granular rocks to permeable sand, above which the thick cover of continuous roots of grasses and prevailing spruce reduces the erosion. - (IKR)


Article of periodic

published at : Acta geographica Slovenica / ISSN 1581-6613


Millesime : 2008, vol. 48, no2 [pp. 187-254]

Bibliographic references : 48 ref.

Collation : 28 fig.



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