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(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2010)

Document title

Properties and spatial distribution of microbiotic crusts in the Negev Desert

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

KIDRON G.J. (1) ; VONSHAK A. (2) ; DOR I. (3) ; BARINOVA S. (4) ; ABELIOVICH A. (5) ;
(1) Inst. of Earth Sciences, Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem, ISRAEL
(2) Dep. of Dryland Biotechnologies. The Jacob Blaustein Inst. for Desert Research, Ben Gurion Univ. of the Negev, Sede Boqer, ISRAEL
(3) Environmental Sciences Div., Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem, ISRAEL
(4) Inst. of Evolution, Univ., Haifa, ISRAEL
(5) Dep. of Biotechnology Engineering, Inst. of Biotechnology, Ben Gurion Univ., Beer Sheva, ISRAEL

Abstract

Microbiotic crusts play a crucial role in arid regions where they may serve as useful biomarkers for wind power and wetness duration. This is especially the case on relatively the sand dunes in the Negev Desert where high correlations between the crust chlorophyll content and the daytime wetness duration were found. When a cluster analysis was performed, 5 types of microbiotic crusts were defined which differed in their physical and biological properties. The spatial distribution of the crusts, as verified by crust mapping, coincided with the daylight surface duration, which in turn was controlled by topography. It implies that whereas initial physical conditions dictates species composition and thus crust type, the crust type in turn is responsible for characterizing the physical properties of the surface, which may largely affect ecological and geomorphological processes

Source

Article of periodic

published at : Catena / ISSN 0341-8162

Editor : Catena, Cremlingen-Destedt - ALLEMAGNE (1973)

Millesime : 2010, vol. 82, no2 [pp. 92-101]

Bibliographic references : 57 ref.

Collation : 8 fig., 4 tabl.

Language

Anglais

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 16767

Digital Object Identifier

Go to electronic document thanks to its DOI : doi:10.1016/j.catena.2010.05.006

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2010
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