(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2010)

Document title

Land-based marginal ice cliffs : focus on Kilimanjaro

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

WINKLER M. (1) ; KASER G. (1) ; CULLEN N.J. (2) ; MÖLG T. (1) ; HARDY D.R. (3) ; PFEFFER W.T. (4) ;
(1) Tropical Glaciology Group, Center of Climate & Cryosphere, Dep. of Geography, Univ., Innsbruck, AUTRICHE
(2) Dep. of Geography, Univ. of Otago, Dunedin, NOUVELLE-ZELANDE
(3) Climate System Research Center, Dep. of Geosciences, Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, ETATS-UNIS
(4) Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, ETATS-UNIS


A review on those ice cliffs, which are mostly associated with dry calving events, is presented. The focus is on the persistent, rarely-calving ice cliffs on the plateau glaciers of Kibo, the main peak of the Kilimanjaro massif, Tanzania. Modelling solar irradiance, in conjunction with on-site measurements, revealed that direct insolation is the reason for (1) the predominant zonal alignment of the ice cliffs and (2) their bimodal annual recession. The former peculiarity occurs because near the equator steep north- and south-facing slopes receive only little solar energy, which prevents strong ablation. The bimodal recession pattern is caused by the particular annual path of the sun in the tropics


Article of periodic

published at : Erdkunde / ISSN 0014-0015

Editor : Boss, Kleve - ALLEMAGNE (1947)

Millesime : 2010, vol. 64, no2 [pp. 179-193]

Bibliographic references : 1,5 p.

Collation : 9 fig.



Digital Object Identifier

Go to electronic document thanks to its DOI : doi:10.3112/erdkunde.2010.02.05

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2011
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