(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2011)

Document title

Hazard, risk and agrarian adaptations in a hyperarid watershed : El Niño floods, streambank erosion, and the cultural bounds of vulnerability in the Andean Middle Horizon

published at : Soils, sediments, and geoarcheology. Special issue

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

(1) Dep. of Anthropology, Univ., San Diego, ETATS-UNIS
(2) Dep. of Geography, College, Dartmouth, ETATS-UNIS


The AA. compare the distinct agrarian and settlement systems of 3 coeval archaeological cultures in this arid region, Huaracane, Wari and Tiwanaku, and how each adapted—or failed to adapt—to geomorphic and climatic hazards. Systematic settlement pattern survey and radiocarbon dating along with geomorphological analysis of flood history and riverine processes permit detailed discussion of agrarian strategies during the Formative (1800 BC–AD 500) and Middle Horizon (AD 500–1000) periods, with distinct settlement “niches” in terms of agricultural practices and longitudinal position in the drainage, and lateral location relative to the floodplain. By comparing the archaeological record of these 3 culture settlements with geomorphic signatures of catastrophic El Niños, the AA. show that the viability of each cultural sequence depended on specific relationships to floodplain streambank erosion, construction and reworking over multiple time scales


Thematical fascicle

published at : Catena / ISSN 0341-8162

Editor : Catena, Cremlingen-Destedt - ALLEMAGNE (1973)

Millesime : 2011, vol. 85, no 2 [pp. 155-167]

Bibliographic references : 1,5 p.

Collation : fig., tabl.



INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 16767

Digital Object Identifier

Go to electronic document thanks to its DOI : doi:10.1016/j.catena.2010.11.001

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2011
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