(Article of book - 2010)

Document title

Informal and illegal movement in the Upper Greater Mekong subregion : costs and benefits of informal networks for goods and people

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)



Cross border migrations and trafficking are the focus of intense scrutiny in SEA. The loss of sustainable agricultural livelihood has been an important push factor resulting in their informal and illegal movement. The pull factors are growing low-wage employment in small-scale manufacturing, construction and transport. The principal area is currently known as the Quadrangle Economic Cooperation Zone or Golden Quadrangle. In the context of globalisation, labour migration and goods trafficking in the areas where reside the most vulnerable populations are unavoidable. All forms of human trafficking, included bonded labour and sex work, which long existed in the zone, have greatly increased in scope and speed of movement within the last decade. All these borders are lined with illegal markets of every kind. - (GL)



Published at : Collection Carnets de l'IRASEC. Occasional paper. Série Observatoire / ISBN 978-616-90282-8-4 ;

Editor : IRASEC, Bangkok - THAILANDE (2010)

Millesime : 2010, no 3  [144 p.]

Bibliographic references : 6 p.

Collation : 8 tabl., 11 phot. noir et blanc et coul., 5 cartes



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