(Article of book - 2011)

Document title

Informal trade and underground economy in Myanmar. Costs and benefits

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)



Book in two parts : 1 - Myanmar’s cross-border trade ; 2- Cross-border mobility and human smuggling from Myanmar. Causes of informal and illegal exchanges are identified and described without commenting on their origins. Not knowing their effects, costs and benefits, it is difficult to come up with restrictive policies to control them. The A focus on two cross-border areas. Informal flow of migrants from Myanmar to Thailand is the most important (2 millions) : Bamar are crossing in Myawaddy area while Shan are crossing in Tachileik and Muse. Estimates give the Burmese population out of Myanmar at 10 % (on 55 millions) which shows the degree of mobility of the population. Illegal migrants are vulnerable to various abuses both in Myanmar and in their destination countries. The major impetus of migration from Myanmar is to maximize income and the decision of migration is mostly made by families. The question remains what policy measures should be appropriate to convert these illegal movements into formal, legal, and ethical practices that can contribute in a positive way towards economic and social development. Emphasis should be given to pro-poor policy measures to establish a visible link between trade and poverty alleviation. - (GL)



Published at : Collection Carnets de l'IRASEC. Occasional paper / ISBN 978-616-7571-01-0 ;

Editor : IRASEC, Bangkok - THAILANDE (2011)

Millesime : 2011, no 4  [96 p.]

Bibliographic references : 5 p.

Collation : 16 fig., 9 tabl., annexes



Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2011
Refdoc record number (ud2m) : 24700830 : Permanent link - XML version
Powered by Pxxo