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(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2012)

Document title

Insect fossils and irrigation in medieval Grenland

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

PANAGIOTAKOPULU E. (1) ; GREENWOOD M.T. (2) ; BUCKLAND P.C. ;
(1) School of Geosciences, Univ., Edinburgh, ROYAUME-UNI
(2) Dept. of geography, Univ., Loughborough, ROYAUME-UNI

Abstract

In south-west Greenland, at the cathedral site of Garðar, the modern sheep farm of Igaliku, artefact scatters and geoarchaeological evidence show that infields were improved by manuring, and systems of ditches have been interpreted as evidence for controlled irrigation in an area liable to a potential water deficit. Further palaeoecological evidence, largely from insect remains, is presented which indicates the build up of thick plaggen soils as a result of large-scale manuring with animal, domestic and structural waste, perhaps supplemented by pared turf. It is suggested that the technique of irrigated hayfields was utilized principally to provide fodder for the large numbers of cattle maintained on the bishop's farm. The system appears to have been abandoned abruptly in the late medieval period, when wetland takes over from irrigated hayfield

Source

Article of periodic

published at : Geografiska annaler. Series A. Physical geography / ISSN 0435-3676 / CODEN GAPGAP

Editor : Svenska sällskapet för antropologi och geografi, Stockholm - SUEDE (1965)

Millesime : 2012, vol. 94, no4 [pp. 531-548]

Bibliographic references : 3 p.

Collation : 9 fig., 2 tabl.

Language

Anglais

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 2704 A

Digital Object Identifier

Go to electronic document thanks to its DOI : doi:10.1111/j.1468-0459.2012.00475.x

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2013
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