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(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2013)

Document title

Fragile landscapes, fragile civilizations — How climate determined societies in the pre-Columbian south Peruvian Andes

published at : Long-term degradation of fragile landscape systems

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

MÄCHTLE B. (1) ; EITEL B. (1) ;
(1) Geographical Inst., Lab. Geomorphology and Geoecology, Univ., Heidelberg, ALLEMAGNE

Abstract

Considering a coincidence between environmental and cultural changes, the AA. state that success and decline of civilizations were dominated by hydrological oscillations, triggering fertility as well as a critical loss of natural resources. Fragile periods, i.e. periods of geomorphological activity, occurred contemporaneous with cultural transitions. In response to spatial changing resources cultural foci were shifted. So, the success of pre-Columbian civilizations was closely coupled to areas of geo-ecological favorability, which were directly controlled by distinct regional impacts of large-scale circulation mechanisms, including El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO). For the first time, this paper offers geomorphological evidence for diachronous Andean (agri-)cultural development, which was geographically determined

Source

Thematical fascicle

published at : Catena / ISSN 0341-8162

Editor : Catena, Cremlingen-Destedt - ALLEMAGNE (1973)

Millesime : 2013, vol. 103 [pp. 62-73]

Bibliographic references : 1 p.

Collation : fig., tabl.

Language

Anglais

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 16767

Digital Object Identifier

Go to electronic document thanks to its DOI : doi:10.1016/j.catena.2012.01.012

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2013
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