(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2013)

Document title

Diversity versus tolerance : the social drivers of innovation and entrepreneurship in US cities

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

QIAN H. (1) ;
(1) Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs, State Univ., Cleveland, ETATS-UNIS


This article argues that diversity’s impacts on innovation and entrepreneurship are notably different from tolerance and openness and that diversity should be defined and measured differently from tolerance and openness. It uses data of US metropolitan areas to examine the statistical difference between diversity and tolerance, and compares the effect of each on innovation and entrepreneurship in multivariate analysis. Diversity is measured using the Herfindahl–Hirschman index based on countries of birth, while tolerance is measured using the composite gay and bohemian index.


Article of periodic

published at : Urban studies / ISSN 0042-0980

Editor : Longman Group, Harlow - ROYAUME-UNI (1964)

Millesime : 2013, vol. 50, no13 [pp. 2718-2735]

Bibliographic references : 4 p.

Collation : 1 fig., 7 tabl.



Digital Object Identifier

Go to electronic document thanks to its DOI : doi:10.1177/0042098013477703

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2013
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