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(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2013)

Document title

Biotic controls on shallow translational landslides

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

VORPAHL P. (1 4) ; DISLICH C. (2) ; ELSENBEER H. (1) ; MÄRKER M. (3) ; SCHRÖDER B. (1 4) ;
(1) Inst. of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Univ., Potsdam, ALLEMAGNE
(2) Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research, Dept. of Ecological Modelling, Leipzig, ALLEMAGNE
(3) Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, c/o Geographisches Inst. der Eberhard Karls Univ., Tübingen, ALLEMAGNE
(4) Technische Univ., Landscape Ecology, Freising Weihenstephan, München, ALLEMAGNE

Abstract

In undisturbed tropical montane rainforests massive organic layers accommodate the majority of roots and only a small fraction of roots penetrate the mineral soil. The AA. investigated the contribution of vegetation to slope stability in such environments by modifying a standard model for slope stability to include an organic layer with distinct mechanical properties. The importance of individual model parameters was evaluated using detailed measurements of soil and vegetation properties to reproduce the observed depth of 11 shallow landslides in the Andes of southern Ecuador. By distinguishing mineral soil, organic layer and above-ground biomass, it is shown that in this environment vegetation provides a destabilizing effect mainly due to its contribution to the mass of the organic layer. Sensitivity analysis shows that the destabilizing effect of the mass of soil and vegetation can only be effective on slopes steeper than 37.9°. Thus, on the steep slopes of this megadiverse ecosystem, the mass of the growing forest promotes landsliding, which in turn promotes a new cycle of succession

Source

Article of periodic

published at : Earth surface processes and landforms / ISSN 0197-9337 / CODEN ESPLDB

Editor : Wiley, Chichester - ROYAUME-UNI (1981)

Millesime : 2013, vol. 38, no2 [pp. 198-212]

Bibliographic references : 1 p.

Collation : 11 fig., 7 tabl.

Language

Anglais

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 17355

Digital Object Identifier

Go to electronic document thanks to its DOI : doi:10.1002/esp.3320

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2013
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