IGB

Connexion

(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2014)

Document title

Geography and the Paris Academy of Sciences : politics and patronage in early 18th-century France

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

HEFFERMAN M. (1) ;
(1) School of Geography, Univ., Nottingham, ROYAUME-UNI

Abstract

This essay examines how the Paris Academy of Sciences, came to recognise geography as an independent science in 1730. It demonstrates that the rise of Newtonian mathematics and the associated controversy about the shape of the earth challenged the Academy's epistemological foundations and prompted a debate about the educational and political significance of geography as a scientific practice. It shows that the death in 1726 of Guillaume Delisle, a prominent Academy astronomer, led to a spirited campaign to elect Philippe Buache, to a new Academy position as a geographer rather than an astronomer. It concludes that this campaign emphasised the social and political utility of geography, though the Academy's decision to recognise this new and distinctively modern science was ultimately facilitated by traditional networks of patronage within the French Royal Court

Source

Article of periodic

published at : Transactions - Institute of British Geographers / ISSN 0020-2754 / CODEN IBGTAE

Editor : Institute of British Geographers, London - ROYAUME-UNI (1965)

Millesime : 2014, vol. 39, no1 [pp. 62-75]

Language

Anglais

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 3702

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2013
Refdoc record number (ud4) : 28016464 : Permanent link - XML version
Powered by Pxxo