(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2014)

Document title

Spatial correspondence of knickzones and stream confluences along bedrock rivers in Japan : implications for hydraulic formation of knickzones

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

HAYAKAWA Y.S. (1) ; OGUCHI T. (1) ;
(1) Center for Spatial Information Science, Univ., Tokyo, JAPON


Using databases of geology, streams and knickzones, the AA. examine knickzone distribution across the Japanese Archipelago to evaluate the effects of the stream network structure and rock type boundaries on knickzone formation. Knickzones are frequently found just upstream and downstream of major stream confluences along mainstreams, whereas knickzones are less frequent around major rock type boundaries. While the major confluences do not form hanging valleys due to similar catchment size, this observation suggests that many knickzones have been formed by the long-term effect of flow turbulence scouring bedrock at the confluences. Such a hydraulic control on bedrock erosion in the steep Japanese mountains under humid climate conditions indicates that the formative cause of many knickzones therein can be autogenic by means of stream hydraulics


Article of periodic

published at : Geografiska annaler. Series A. Physical geography / ISSN 0435-3676 / CODEN GAPGAP

Editor : Svenska sällskapet för antropologi och geografi, Stockholm - SUEDE (1965)

Millesime : 2014, vol. 96, no1 [pp. 9-19]

Bibliographic references : 2 p.

Collation : 7 fig., 1 tabl.




Digital Object Identifier

Go to electronic document thanks to its DOI : doi:10.1111/geoa.12024

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2014
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