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(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2014)

Document title

Lichenometric dating of Little Ice Age glacier moraines using explicit demographic models of lichen colonization, growth, and survival

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

LOSO M.G. (1) ; DOAK D.F. (2) ; ANDERSON R.S. (3) ;
(1) Dept. of Environmental Science, Alaska Pacific Univ., Anchorage, ETATS-UNIS
(2) Environmental Studies Program, Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, ETATS-UNIS
(3) Dept. of Geological Sciences and INSTAAR, Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, ETATS-UNIS

Abstract

To date 3 terminal moraines of an Alaskan glacier, the AA. used a new lichenometric technique in which surfaces are dated by comparing lichen population distributions with the predictions of ecological demography models with explicit rules for the biological processes that govern lichen populations : colonization, growth, and survival. Working with 2 lichen taxa, the AA. used multinomial-based likelihood functions to compare model predictions with measured lichen populations, using only the thalli in the largest 25% of the size distribution. Joint likelihoods that combine the results of both species estimated moraine ages of AD 1938, 1917, and 1816. Ages predicted by Rhizocarpon alone were older than those of P. pubescens. Predicted ages are geologically plausible, and reveal glacier terminus retreat after a Little Ice Age maximum advance around AD 1816, with accelerated retreat starting in the early to mid twentieth century. Importantly, this technique permits calculation of prediction and model uncertainty

Source

Article of periodic

published at : Geografiska annaler. Series A. Physical geography / ISSN 0435-3676 / CODEN GAPGAP

Editor : Svenska sällskapet för antropologi och geografi, Stockholm - SUEDE (1965)

Millesime : 2014, vol. 96, no1 [pp. 21-41]

Bibliographic references : 2 p.

Collation : 7 fig., 5 tabl.

Language

Anglais

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 2704 A

Digital Object Identifier

Go to electronic document thanks to its DOI : doi:10.1111/geoa.12022

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2014
Refdoc record number (ud4) : 28337857 : Permanent link - XML version
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