(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2013)

Document title

Speleogenesis of an exhumed hydrothermal sulphuric acid karst in Cambrian carbonates (Mount San Giovanni, Sardinia)

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

DE WAELE J. (1) ; FORTI P. (1) ; NASEDDU A. (2) ;
(1) Italian Inst. of Speleology, Univ., Bologna, ITALIE
(2) Speleo Club Domusnovas. Federazione Speleologica Sarda, ex Direzione Miniera San Giovanni, Iglesias, ITALIE


A combined geomorphological and mineralogical investigation has permitted a fairly detailed reconstruction of the various phases of evolution of these caves in Sardinia. Cave formation had already started in Cambrian times, but culminated in the Carboniferous, when most of the large voids still accessible today were formed. A key role in carbonate dissolution was played by sulphuric acid formed by the oxidation of the polymetallic ores present in the rocks since the Cambrian. During the Quaternary a variety of minerals formed inside the caves : calcite and aragonite, that yielded sequences of palaeo-environmental interest, and also barite and many others. These minerals are in part due to a phreatic thermal hypogenic cave forming phase, and in part to later epigene overprinting in an oxidizing environment rich in polymetallic ores. Massive gypsum deposits, elsewhere typical of this kind of caves, are entirely absent due to dissolution during both the phreatic cave formation and the later epigenic stage


Article of periodic

published at : Earth surface processes and landforms / ISSN 0197-9337 / CODEN ESPLDB

Editor : Wiley, Chichester - ROYAUME-UNI (1981)

Millesime : 2013, vol. 38, no12 [pp. 1369-1379]

Bibliographic references : 2 p.

Collation : 9 fig., 3 tabl.



INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 17355

Digital Object Identifier

Go to electronic document thanks to its DOI : doi:10.1002/esp.3375

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