(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2014)

Document title

Filtering and gentrifying in Toronto : neighbourhood transitions in and out from the lowest income decile between 1981 and 2006

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)


  • School of Urban and Regional Planning, Queen's University, Kingston, CANADA


This study examines the changes between 1981 and 2006 in Toronto’s lowest income neighbourhoods. It shows that the oldest buildings gentrifying while the newer high-rise apartments in the inner suburbs were filtering down to visible minorities, recent immigrants, ethnic minorities, single parents, and the unemployed or underemployed people in low-wage jobs. It also demonstrates that while government transfers to households in the top nine income deciles increased, they decreased for the lowest income households. It concludes that although the average income in the CMA rose faster than rents, rents increased in the lowest decile neighbourhoods with declining incomes


Article of periodic

published at : Environment & planning A / ISSN 0308-518X

Editor : Pion, London - ROYAUME-UNI (1974)

Millesime : 2014, vol. 46, no4 [pp. 885-900]

Bibliographic references : 2 p.

Collation : 4 fig., 7 tabl.



INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 15583 A

Digital Object Identifier

Go to electronic document thanks to its DOI : doi:10.1068/a4666

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2014
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