(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2014)

Document title

Coupled numerical–analytical approach to landscape evolution modeling

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

GOREN L. (1) ; WILLETT S.D. (1) ; HERMAN F. (2) ; BRAUN J. (3) ;
(1) Dept. of Earth Sciences, ETH, Zurich, SUISSE
(2) Inst. of Earth Sciences, Univ., Lausanne, SUISSE
(3) ISTerre, Univ. Joseph Fourier - CNRS, Grenoble, FRANCE


The AA. propose a new approach for landscape evolution modeling that couples irregular grid-based numerical solutions for the large-scale fluvial dynamics and continuum-based analytical solutions for the small-scale fluvial and hillslope dynamics. The new approach is implemented in the landscape evolution model DAC (divide and capture). The geometrical and topological characteristics of DAC's landscapes show compatibility with those of natural landscapes. A comparative study shows that, even with large grid spacing, DAC predictions fit well an analytical solution for divide migration in the presence of horizontal advection of topography. In addition, DAC is used to study some outstanding problems in landscape evolution : the time to steady-state; large-scale stream captures in a strike-slip environment; tectono-climatic mechanisms. Each of the mechanisms produces a distinct morphology and erosion rate distribution. Application to the Southern Alps of New Zealand suggests that tectonic advection, precipitation gradients and non-uniform tectonic uplift act together to shape the first-order topography of this mountain range


Article of periodic

published at : Earth surface processes and landforms / ISSN 0197-9337 / CODEN ESPLDB

Editor : Wiley, Chichester - ROYAUME-UNI (1981)

Millesime : 2014, vol. 39, no4 [pp. 522-545]

Bibliographic references : 2 p.

Collation : 15 fig., 2 tabl.



INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 17355

Digital Object Identifier

Go to electronic document thanks to its DOI : doi:10.1002/esp.3514

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2014
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