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(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2014)

Document title

Using air photos to parameterize landscape predictors of channel wetted width

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

RAWLINS B.G. (1) ; CLARK L. (2) ; BOYD D.S. (2) ;
(1) British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham, ROYAUME-UNI
(2) School of Geography, Univ., Nottingham, ROYAUME-UNI

Abstract

The AA. investigated which landscape and climate-related data (including information on hydrological source of flow) were statistically significant predictors of channel wetted width (WW) across a sizeable (2200 km2) region of the UK. Orthorectified air photos at 25 cm spatial resolution were used to measure WW, with the magnitude of the errors in these measurements quantified. The AA. created points along sections of channels visible in air photos and used a terrain model to create drainage catchments for these points and computed their catchment area (CA). They selected 472 points and measured their WW from air photos, and computed landscape-related data for each of their catchments (mean slope, mean annual rainfall, land cover type, elevation) and also mean BFIHOST, a quantitative index relating to hydrological source of flow. As catchment area increases, those channels with larger mean catchment BFIHOST values (greater proportion of baseflow contribution) have narrower WW in comparison with those having smaller mean BFIHOST for the same CA. Improved predictions of channel WW (based on our findings) could be used in channel restoration

Source

Article of periodic

published at : Earth surface processes and landforms / ISSN 0197-9337 / CODEN ESPLDB

Editor : Wiley, Chichester - ROYAUME-UNI (1981)

Millesime : 2014, vol. 39, no5 [pp. 605-613]

Bibliographic references : 1 p.

Collation : 5 fig., 4 tabl.

Language

Anglais

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 17355

Digital Object Identifier

Go to electronic document thanks to its DOI : doi:10.1002/esp.3469

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2014
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