(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2014)

Document title

Mineral composition vs. soil forming processes in loess soils — A case study from Kraków (Southern Poland)

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

DREWNIK M. (1) ; SKIBA M. (2) ; SZYMAŃSKI W. (1) ; ŻYŁA M. (1) ;
(1) Jagiellonian Univ., Inst. of Geography and Spatial Management, Dept. of Pedology and Soil Geography, Kraków, POLOGNE
(2) Jagiellonian Univ., Inst. of Geological Sciences,, Dep. of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, Cracow, POLOGNE


The aims of this study were (1) to determine the influence of loess mineral composition on soil genesis and (2) to determine layer silicate transformations and clay mineral formation in loess soils in relation to soil-forming processes using qualitative and quantitative X-ray diffraction analyses (XRD and QXRD). The obtained results show that the occurrence of carbonate minerals (i.e. calcite) and their influence on chemical properties of soil play a crucial role in the evolution of loess soils. It is highlighted that carbonates and high pH values are the main reasons for slowdown of mineral weathering. In carbonate loess, the dissolution and leaching of carbonates prevail over the weathering of silicates


Article of periodic

published at : Catena / ISSN 0341-8162

Editor : Catena, Cremlingen-Destedt - ALLEMAGNE (1973)

Millesime : 2014, no119 [pp. 166-173]

Bibliographic references : 1 p.

Collation : 6 fig., 6 tabl.



INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 16767

Digital Object Identifier

Go to electronic document thanks to its DOI : doi:10.1016/j.catena.2014.02.012

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2014
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