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(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2014)

Document title

Mining and its impact on the earth surface in the Ruhr District (Germany)

published at : Past to present Quaternary landform change : natural and anthropogenic drivers

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

HARNISCHMACHER S. (1) ; ZEPP H. (2) ;
(1) Philipps Univ., Marburg, ALLEMAGNE
(2) Geographisches Inst., Ruhr Univ., Bochum, ALLEMAGNE

Abstract

This paper presents spatial differences in ground level changes in the Ruhr District due to large-scale coal extraction over the past 100 years. Elevation data on historical maps from 1892 was digitised with the help of a Geographic Information System and the interpolated historical surface was intersected with a current Digital Elevation Model, in order to calculate the differences in elevation. As a result, the highest values of subsidence, amounting to more than 25 m, were observed within the coalfields of the former coal mine Zollverein. Two examples from the cities of Essen and Dortmund analysed in detail reveal that not only depressions but also elevation features are affected by mining subsidence. These kinds of surface transformations are not visible in the field without a comparison of digital topographical models. The average amount of a net surface lowering was calculated for all maps digitised and analysed, resulting in values between 0.5 m for the map of Kamen, located at the eastern border of the Ruhr District, and 5.2 m for the map of Gelsenkirchen within the central Emscher floodplain

Source

Thematical fascicle

published at : Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie / ISSN 0372-8854 / CODEN ZGMPAG

Editor : Gebruder Borntraeger, Stuttgart - ALLEMAGNE (1925)

Millesime : 2014, vol. 58, no 3 [pp. 3-22]

Bibliographic references : 42 ref.

Collation : fig., tabl.

Language

Anglais

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 8829

Digital Object Identifier

Go to electronic document thanks to its DOI : doi:10.1127/0372-8854/2013/S-00131

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2014
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