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(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2014)

Document title

The territorialization of ethnopolitical reforms in Colombia. Chocó as a case study

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

VELASCO JARAMILLO M. (1) ;
(1) Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, ETATS-UNIS

Abstract

This article looks at the Chocó Department, where black and indigenous ethnic movements de-manded collective land rights and autonomy to safeguard local livelihoods from resource-intensive economies. However, after decentralization and state restructuring reforms granted constitutional protections of local ethnopolitical autonomy in the nineties, most indigenous and black communities failed to benefit from the new rights. This has been explained as the result of human rights vio-lations, neoliberal development, and armed groups’ appropriation of regional economies, which created stressful conditions for self-governance. It builds on these claims and add that the differ-ence between the intent and the actual outcome of the reforms is explained by the way new institu-tions were territorialized or adapted by specific actors to local dynamics. In the Chocó Department, reforms were territorialized in a context of weak institutions, government corruption, and resource-intensive land-use changes that worked against ethnopolitical autonomy by enabling local interme-diaries, who frequently made decisions that went against community rights

Source

Article of periodic

published at : Latin American research review / ISSN 0023-8791

Editor : Latin American Studies Association, Pittsburgh, PA - ETATS-UNIS (1965)

Millesime : 2014, vol. 49, no3 [pp. 126-152]

Bibliographic references : 6 p.

Collation : 2 tabl., 3 cartes

Language

Anglais

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 23897

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2014
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