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(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2014)

Document title

Criminal neighbourhoods : does the density of prior offenders in an area encourage others to commit crime?

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)

LIVINGSTON M. (1) ; GALSTER G. (2) ; DE KEARNS A. (3) ; BANNISTER J. (4) ;
(1) Urban Studies, Univ., Glasgow, ROYAUME-UNI
(2) Urban Studies and Planning, Wayne State Univ., Detroit, ETATS-UNIS
(3) School of Social and Political Science, Univ., Edinburgh, ROYAUME-UNI
(4) Centre for Youth Studies, Metropolitan Univ., Manchester, ROYAUME-UNI

Abstract

This paper explores whether the density of prior offenders in a neighbourhoods has an influence on the propensity of others to (re)commence offending in Glasgow. It shows that the number of ‘newly active’ offenders in a neighbourhood in the current quarter is positively associated with the density of prior offenders for both violent and property crime from the previous two years. In the case of newly active property offenders, the relationship with active prior offenders is apparent only when prior offender counts exceed the median. The paper postulates that intraneighbourhood social mechanisms may be at work to create these effects. The results suggest that policies which concentrate offenders in particular neighbourhoods may increase the number of newly active offenders, and point to evidence of a threshold at which these effects take place

Source

Article of periodic

published at : Environment & planning A / ISSN 0308-518X

Editor : Pion, London - ROYAUME-UNI (1974)

Millesime : 2014, vol. 46, no10 [pp. 2469-2488]

Bibliographic references : 3 p.

Collation : 3 tabl., 1 carte

Language

Anglais

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 15583 A

Digital Object Identifier

Go to electronic document thanks to its DOI : doi:10.1068/a140180p

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2014
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