(Article of periodic en Anglais - 2001)

Document title

Implications for late Pleistocene mastodon diet from opal phytoliths in tooth calculus

Authors(s) and Affiliation(s)



Calculus removed from the molar teeth of 4 American mastodons contained opal phytoliths which reflect major dietary components. Comparative analysis of calculus from modern and fossil browsers and mixed feeders implies that dicots and conifers are nearly invisible in the phytolith record. Mastodons are traditionally considered browsers, but grass phytolith assemblages in 3 individual mastodons contained similarly high concentrations of pooids, suggesting that these grasses were a significant part of the diet. Abundant pooid phytoliths, in addition to diatoms, indicate that these mastodons grazed in a cool, moist late Pleistocene environment, possibly near water


Article of periodic

published at : Quaternary research / ISSN 0033-5894 / CODEN QRESAV

Editor : Elsevier, San Diego, CA - ETATS-UNIS (1970)

Millesime : 2001, vol. 55, no2 [pp. 115-122]

Bibliographic references : 57 ref.

Collation : Illustration ;



INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 15739

Tous droits réservés © Prodig - Bibliographie Géographique Internationale (BGI), 2001.
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